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  1. Dr. Susan J. Herlin, Professor Emerita, Department of History, University of Louisville, USA, «ANCIENT AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS TO ca. 1500»
  2. Торговля рабами  
  3. Роль советской дипломатии в деколонизации Африки (К 40-летию Года Африки)
  4. Успехи процесса деколонизации
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  8. Homo helmei Dreyer, 1935 эволюционные и таксономические аспекты — Антропогенез.РУ
  9. Genetic studies by Luca Cavalli-Sforza pioneered tracing the spread of modern humans from Africa.
  10. Sarah A. Tishkoff,* Floyd A. Reed, Francoise R. Friedlaender, Christopher Ehret, Alessia Ranciaro, Alain Froment, Jibril B. Hirbo, Agnes A. Awomoyi, Jean-Marie Bodo, Ogobara Doumbo, Muntaser Ibrahim, Abdalla T. Juma, Maritha J. Kotze, Godfrey Lema, Jason H. Moore, Holly Mortensen, Thomas B. Nyambo, Sabah A. Omar, Kweli Powell, Gideon S. Pretorius, Michael W. Smith, Mahamadou A. Thera, Charles Wambebe, James L. Weber, Scott M. Williams. The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans. Published 30 April 2009 on Science Express.
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  42. Iliffe, John (2007). pp. 49,50
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  45. after Derek Nurse und Gerard Philippson: The Bantu Languages. Routledge, London 2003.
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  67. Gujarat and the Trade of East Africa pg.35
  68. The return of Cosmopolitan Capital:Globalization, the State and War, p. 22.
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  73. Gujarat and the Trade of East Africa, p. 45.
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  75. Girma Beshah and Merid Wolde Aregay, The Question of the Union of the Churches in Luso-Ethiopian Relations (1500—1632) (Lisbon: Junta de Investigacoes do Ultramar and Centro de Estudos Historicos Ultramarinos, 1964), pp. 13-4.
  76. Girma and Merid, Question of the Union of the Churches, pp. 25.
  77. Girma and Merid, Question of the Union of the Churches, pp. 45-52.
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  86. Lye, Keith(2002). Encyclopedia of African Nations and Civilization. New York: The Diagram Group, p. 189 .
  87. Collins and Burns (2007), p. 103.
  88. «Eastern and Southern Africa 500—1000 CE».
  89. Tanzanian dig unearths ancient secret by Tira Shubart.
  90. A History of Mozambique
  91. Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa 1325—1354.
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  100. Iliffe, John(2007). p. 51-53.
  101. Collins and Burns (2007), p. 83.
  102. Davidson (1991), pp. 173, 174.
  103. The Story of Africa| BBC World Service
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  105. Collins and Burns (2007), pp. 83-87.
  106. Davidson, Basil (1971), Great Ages of Man: African Kingdoms, p. 83. New York City: Time Life Books. Library of Congress 66-25647.
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  110. Collins and Burns (2007), p. 88.
  111. Collins and Burns (2007), pp. 88-89.
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  114. Collins and Burns (2007), p. 90.
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  117. Davidson (1991), p. 96.
  118. Lye, Keith(2002). p. 188
  119. Atlas of the Human Journey. The Genographic Project. Проверено 10 января 2009.
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  124. Davidson (1991), p. 242.
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  126. Collins and Burns (2007), pp. 131—132.
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  128. Collins and Burns (2007), p. 134.
  129. Stride, G.T. & C. Ifeka (1971). Peoples and Empires of West Africa: West Africa in History 1000—1800. Edinburgh: Nelson. .
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  149. Davidson (1991), pp. 252—254.
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  152. Shillington (2005), pp. 153—155.
  153. Worden, Nigel. The Making of Modern South Africa, Oxford UK/Cambridge USA: Blackwell Publishers, 1995, p. 13.
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  156. Shillington (2005), pp. 218, 327—329, 340—342.
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  158. Shillington (2005), pp. 218, 327.
  159. Shillington (2005), pp. 256, 257, 270.
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  161. Davidson (1991), pp. 274—275.
  162. Shillington (2005), pp. 261—262, 271.
  163. Shillington (2005), pp. 215—216.
  164. Shillington (2005), pp. 268—271.
  165. Collins and Burns (2007), pp. 268—269.
  166. Collins and Burns (2007), p. 269.
  167. Collins and Burns (2007), p. 265.
  168. Shillington (2005), p. 295.
  169. Collins and Burns (2007), pp. 254—257.
  170. Martin, Phyllis M. and O’Meara, Patrick (1995). p. 135—138.
  171. Русские идут?
  172. Lye, Keith(2002). pp. 97, 264.
  173. O’Meara, Dan. «Forty Lost Years». Ohio University Press, 1996, pp. 65-73.
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